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MRSA Complications


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Introduction

Very dangerous strain of bacteria as MRSA (Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) is resistant to certain types of antibiotics (methicillin and other beta lactamase-resistant penicillins and cephalosporins). In the past decades this strain was primarily seen in hospitals and other medical facilities.Through the last couple of years MRSA becoming more common in the community (CA-MRSA type). In the community, most MRSA infections are skin infections that can come out as boils or pustules, and are mostly swollen red and painful, or have pus or other drainage. Also, these skin infections ordinarily take place at places of visible skin trauma (cuts,abrasions) and regions of the body structure covered by hair. In other cases MRSA can also affect tissues inside the organic structure. These types of infections are more serious. Several of these can take place as a complication of a MRSA infection. Mostly, though, they are not. It is important to tell that MRSA is able to occupy many areas of the body, not only the skin area.

MRSA Complications And Most Common Affected Body Areas

In most cases following areas of organic structure are affected:

a) Bloodstream (bacteremia or septicemia)
Blood poisoning (bacteremia) or septicemia from MRSA. The staph bacteria embed itself in the blood cells resulting in abscesses that break apart the blood cell walls. This gets the blood incapable to carry the much-needed oxygen to the organs and the abscesses could not be fixed by the liver.

b) Lungs (pneumonia)
Strain of MRSA enters the bloodstream and embed itself in the soft tissues of the lungs. In this case, MRSA breeds causing infection and abscess build up in the lung, resulting in pneumonia. In some cases that antibiotics do not affect the MRSA, there is possibility that the lungs fail with fatal consequences for patient.

c) Bone (osteomyelitis)
In this particular case, the MRSA bacteria infect the bone cells causing it to become brittle. In some severe cases, the blood cell functioning of the femur by the infection of the bone tissue causes greater troubles for the organic structure of patient

d) Soft Tissue (cellulitis)
Cellulitis infection of dermis and subcutaneous tissues from MRSA makes the cell walls brittle due to the infection brought about by MRSA. This causes wide cellular failure leading to organ failure, as cells are incapable to function properly.

e) Inner Lining of The Heart (endocarditis)
In this case MRSA is carried to the thin sac covering the heart causing infection and inflammation. This interferes with the proper functioning of the heart increasing the susceptibility to cardiac arrest.

f) The Tissues That Surround The Brain or Spinal Cord (meningitis)
In this case MRSA is carried to the brain cells causing infection in the brain. As the abscesses form up, there is pressure on the brain resulting in a whole host of functional troubles from the individual.

On the end of this chapter dedicated do complications of MRSA we will warn to seriousness of this strain with notice that approximately twenty percent of serious cases from MRSA infections ends with fatal consequences for patient. MRSA infections do not just involve the skin tissues but once the bacteria enters the bloodstream, infects the other organs and tissues in the organic structure of individual. As we previously described, most common complications leading from MRSA type of infections include blood poisoning (known as bacteremia) or septicemia, pneumonia, cellulitis, endocarditis, oseomyelitis and meningitis.


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