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What Is a Carbuncle?


Skin infection than often involves a group of hair follicles is defined as carbuncle. That is an abscess usually larger than a boil, in most cases with one or more openings draining pus onto the skin. Skin infected material forms a lump, called mass, which occurs deep in the skin tissue.So, carbuncle is made up of several skin boils. Carbunculosis is medical condition when patient has more that just one carbuncle.



Causes, Symptoms and Diagnosis of Carbuncle Infections


Various bacteria cases and particularly Staphylococcus aureus can cause carbuncles condition in most cases. It is crucial to note that this type of infection is contagious and may spread to other parts of body or other people who are in close contact with patient (family members). A carbuncle is made up of several skin boils also known as furuncles. The infected mass is filled with pus, fluid, and dead tissue. Fluid may drain out of the carbuncle, but it may occur that the mass is so deep that it cannot drain on its own. Mentioned condition may break anyplace, but they are most common on the back and the nape of the neck. Men get carbuncles more often than women. Because the condition is contagious, some household members may get carbuncles at the same time. Generally, the direct cause of a carbuncle infection cannot be determined. Poor personal hygiene, Friction from clothing or shaving and Poor overall health (troubles with immune system) are things that make carbuncle infections more likely. Also, individuals with dermatitis, diabetes and weakened immune systems are more likely to develop staph infections. Medical condition called carbuncle it may be size of a pea or large as a golf ball. Also, carbuncle is usually red and irritated, and painful to touch. When we talking about carbuncles there is possibility of:

1.)Pustule (having a white or yellow center);
2.)Grow very fast;
3.)Spread to another body areas and;
4.)Weep, ooze, or crust.

Other symptoms of carbuncles may include:1.)fever, 2.) fatigue, 3.)skin itching before the carbuncle develops and 4.)general discomfort or sickness. If notice any of above mentioned symptoms medical attention is recommended. Medical adviser will check patient's skin firstly. Process of diagnosis is based primarily on physical skin examination. There aren't any tests that are performed to decide if an infection is a carbuncle, but often the pus inside the carbuncle is tested with a gram stain or bacterial culture to determine if the bacteria causing the infection is a typical SA bacteria or one that is resistant to the usual penicillin-type antibiotics.


Treatment and Prevention


Carbuncles normally must drain before they will cure. This most often comes on its own in less than 2 weeks. Putting a warm moist cloth on the carbuncle assists it to drain, which accelerates healing. Gently soak the region with a warm, moist cloth several times every day. Never force a boil or attempt to cut it open at home because this can spread the infection and make it worse.You need treatment if the carbuncle lasts longer than 2 weeks, returns frequently, is placed on the spine or the middle of the facial area, or comes along with a fever or other symptoms. Treatment helps reduce complications associated to an infection.Your physician may prescribe antibacterial soaps or antibiotics applied to the skin or taken by mouth. Deep or large lesions may need to be drained by a professional healthcare stuff.


Proper personal hygiene is essential to prevent the spread of infection. Constantly wash your hands very well after touching a carbuncle. Do not re-use or share washcloths or towels because this can cause the infection to spread. Clothing, washcloths, towels, and sheets or other items that contact infected areas should be washed in very hot (preferably boiling) water. Bandages should be changed often and thrown away in a bag that can be tightly closed carbunculus may heal on their own. Others usually respond well to treatment. Still, this condition can return again and again for months or years following the first infection.


Carbuncle and MRSA


In the past decade, there has been a sharp increase in the incidence of infections caused by a specific and very dangerous strain of Staphylococcus aureus that develop immunity to the normal treatment with antibiotics - MRSA. Until lately, this type of SA was an uncommon bacterial strain that occurred in nursing homes and other medical facilities. But with the overuse of antibiotics for conditions that don't require antibiotics, This potentially fatal MRSA infections are common in certain areas of the United States. MRSA infections often occur spontaneously in the groin, buttock, and upper thigh region. Presently, there are antibiotics that do treat this resistant strain. The antibiotic of choice for MRSA infections that were not acquired from a hospital or long-term care facility is trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (Septra or Bactrim). The next option is clindamycin, especially for people who are allergic to sulfa.


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