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Urinary Tract Infection


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Urinary Tract Infection - UTI


Infections of the urinary tract affect millions of people around the world every year. Urinary tract infections are a serious health problem and one of the most common infections in the body. It is not known why but women more often have a urinary tract infection then men. Every fifth woman will have a urinary tract infection during her lifetime. Urinary tract infections are not so common in men, but when they occur, they are just as dangerous.

General Causes of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Urine is normally sterile. It should not contain bacteria, viruses, and fungi but should contain fluids, salts, and waste. An infection occurs when bacteria from the digestive tract, appear in the opening of the urethra and multiply. The urethra is the tube through witch urine flows from the bladder out. Most infections arise from the bacteria Escherichia coli.

When bacteria multiply, an infection is likely to occur. If the infection is only in the urethra, then it is called urethritis. If bacteria multiply in the bladder, then it is called cystitis. Next, it is possible that the bacteria can affect the kidney, that is called pyelonephritis.

Who Is at Risk?

If a person has urinary tract abnormalities, such as kidney stones or an enlarged prostate gland he is then more prone to get infected. People with a low immune system are as well more prone to get a urinary tract infection, especially people with diabetes.

Repeated Infections

Some women have repeated urinary tract infections. Every fifth women will suffer reapeated infections. Commonly the last infection comes from a bacteria that is not the same as the infection before it.

Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnancy

Pregnant women are not more likely to suffer from a urinary tract infection compared to other women. If a pregnant woman would get infected, then it wil more likely get to the kidneys.

List of Symptoms

It is not necessary to have symptoms of the infection, but most pacients do have some symptoms. These symptoms may include:

  • • Frequent urination,
  • • Buring feeling in the bladder or urethra during urination,
  • • Fatigue,
  • • Possible pain even when not urinating,and
  • • Urin can look cloudy or with a little blood.

Diagnosis

Doctors take a urin sample, and send it to a laboratory to see if bacteria is present. Urin is tested for white and red blood cells and bacteria. Bacteria is then grown in a culture and tested against antibiotics to see which best destroys the bacteria.

Treatment for UTI

Urinary tract infections are treated with antibacterial drugs. Witch drug will be used depends on the urin tests witch tell us witch bacteria it is. Most common drugs used are:

  • • Amoxicillin
  • • Ampicillin
  • • Trimethoprim
  • • Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole
  • • Nitrofurantoin
  • • Ampicillin
  • • Quinolones are four drugs approved in recent years for treating urinary tract infections. These drugs are:Trovafloxin, Ciprofloxacin,Ofloxacin and Norfloxacin

In most cases urinary tract infection is cured within a day or two. But doctors tell their pacients to take antibiotica for a week or two to be sure.



MRSA and Urinary Tract Infection


Some individuals have a classic urinary tract infection and think that they can treat it at home. Still, when MRSA is added to a UTI the person may become increasingly and rapidly ill. The signals of MRSA-UTI can mimic other UTI signs, but there are some particular signs to check for. The CDC reports that about 25-30 % of the human population are colonized with SA bacteria. The bacteria usually get into a person's body from an open wound, cut, sore, catheter or breathing tube. People with a weakened immune system are more vulnerable to this infection. But you may not even realize that you have been infected with an MRSA-UTI until you become very ill.

A fever that is over 100.5 should be taken very seriously. In case that individual has an MRSA Urinary Tract Infection condition her fever may shoot up rapidly. She may also be chilled and unable to get warm. This is an essential sign that the infection is worsening and she needs to seek professional medical care. By the report of the National Library of Medicine that flank or side pain is a general symptom of an MRSA Urinary Tract Infection. Some people complain of feeling pressure and pain in the lower area of the abdomen. They may also have a burning or pressure during urination. This is the most general symptom we associate with a UTI. Still, this symptom should be taken seriously when related with other symptoms because it could mean that you do have a severe infection. Nausea is another general symptom of condition called MRSA Urinary Tract Infection. The nausea may growth and lead to vomiting as the body struggles with the bacterial toxins. During the time, as the infection is growing, many of individuals lose their power to control urination. They may leak out urine a little at a time or totally lose continence. This sign commonly goes hand in hand with pain in abdominal area, just every patient is different and some persons may have only one of these symptoms.


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