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What is Skin Boil or Furuncle?


Detailed checkup of this infection discovers that the boil is centered on a hair follicle. Skin boils (or Furuncles) is local infection of hair follicles deep in the skin. Boils are presented as red tender spots, lumps or pustules. After some time infected region of tissue becomes firm, hard, and tender. Finally, the center of the boil softens and gets filled with fighting white blood cells from the bloodstream to eliminate the infection. Previously mentioned mixture of white blood cells, bacteria, and proteins is defined as pus. After some time, the pus define a peak, which can be surgically opened or spontaneously drain out through the surface of the skin. This collection of white blood cells,proteins and bacteria which is usually enclosed within tissue is defined as abscess.



Causes


In most cases individuals with skin boils are in good health condition and have good personal hygiene. But they carry Staphylococcus aureus bacteria on the surface of their skin. Reason of this is commonly not identified, but it is estimated that every fifth person carry SA bacteria. This germ of Staphylococcus bacteria is most usually found in the nostrils, armpits, between the legs and in the cleft between the buttocks. Sometimes it may be transferred to other sites from the nostrils via the finger nails. Boils are also in some cases related to diabetes, immune deficiency, anaemia, or iron seficiency troubles.


Types of Boils


     Furuncle presents collection of pus (also called boil) with other name. This is an abscess in the skin caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. A furuncle can have one or more openings onto the skin and may be related with a chills or fever.

     Cystic Acne is defined as a type of abscess that is formed when oil ducts become clogged and infected. This type of boils generally involves deeper skin tissue than the more superficial inflammation from common acne. Appearance of cystic acne is usually on the face area and mostly occurs in the teenage years.

     Carbuncle is a term related for an abscess that affects a group of hair follicles. Terms like furunculosis or carbunculosis may be defined as cases of chronic and recurring boils.

     Hidradenitis Suppurativa is an condition in which there are multiple abscesses that form under the armpits and mostly in the groin region. These regions presents answer of local inflammation of the sweat glands. It is hard to treat with antibiotics and mostly requires a surgical process to remove affected sweat glands in order to stop inflammation of skin tissue.

     Pilonidal Cyst is a unique kind of abscess that happens in the crease of the buttocks. This type of boils often start as tiny areas of infection in the base of the region of skin tissue from which hair grows (also known as the hair follicle).

With irritation from direct pressure, over time the inflamed area expands to become a painful, firm, and tender nodule that makes it hard to sit without discomfort. Pilonidal cyst often occur after long travels that require long-term sitting.


Treatment and Prevention Tips:


  • Sometimes boils can be related with serious infection and it would be useful to visit your doctor if there is any suspicions.


  • People with weight issues should work on their eating habits and take regular exercise as much they can.


  • Eating balanced healthy food with combination of meat and plenty of vegetables and fruit - try to avoid fast food habits!!


  • Personal hygiene is very important factor - it is strongly recommended to wash whole body once a day with soap and water


  • It is not recommended sharing towels with your sport colleagues or other family members


  • It would be good to maintain a clean handkerchief and don't pick your nose!


  • Changing underclothes and night attire regularly helps too.


  • Try to avoid leisure activities for some time which cause sweating and friction from clothing,such as squash and jogging.


  • In case of having iron deficiency, a course of iron tablets may help reduce infection.


  • If there is any possibility of taking 1000mg of vitamin C each day has also been advocated.

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